Cervical cancer is caused by certain types of the virus.
Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix (the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina). Unlike other cancers, cervical cancer is not hereditary.
It’s caused by certain types of a virus human papillomavirus (HPV). When a woman becomes infected with one of these types of HPV, and the virus doesn’t go away on its own abnormal cells can develop in the lining of the cervix. If the cells are not found early, pre-cancers and then cancer develops.
Cervical cancer it’s not too early to think about.
Based on American Cancer Society ACS estimates, about 30 women a day will be diagnosed with cervical cancer in the United States. While half of all women diagnosed with cervical cancer between 35 and 55 years old, many of these women could have been initially exposed to cancer- causing HPV types in their teens and 20s.
30-40 Genital Types
Types 16,18 cause 70% of Cervical Cancer Cases
Types 6,11 Cost 90% of Genital Wart Cases
The types of HPV that cause cervical cancer are different from the types that cause genital warts. All HPV types that affect the genital area can cause abnormal Pap tests.
80% of women will have had HPV in their lifetime.
Both men and women can have HPV, and it is easily spread. Any type of genital contact with someone who has HPV can put you at risk – intercourse isn’t necessary. And since there are often no signs or symptoms, many people don’t know they are passing it on. There are about 6 million new cases of genital HPV in the United States each year.
There are more than 30 types of genital HPV and most will clear on there own. But for some women who don’t clear certain types of the virus, cervical cancer can develop. And there’s no way to predict who will or won’t clear the virus.
Genital Warts: Another disease caused by HPV.
While certain types of HPV can cause cervical cancer, other types can cause genital warts. Genital warts are usually soft flesh colored growths that can be raised or flat, small or large, alone or in clusters. There are an estimated 1 million new cases of genital warts each year in the United States*.
There are a number of ways to treat genital warts including creams, removal by burning, freezing, laser and surgery. However, even after treatment, genital warts can return. In fact, 25% of cases return within 3 months.
*This estimate includes both men and women.