Tubal sterilization prevents the egg from moving down the fallopian tube to the uterus and prevents the sperm from reaching the egg.
Sterilization does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
What is hysteroscopic sterilization?
Hysteroscopic sterilization is a type of tubal sterilization procedure that uses the body’s natural openings to place small implants into the fallopian tubes. These implants cause tissue growth that blocks the tubes. No surgical incision is needed.
Is hysteroscopic sterilization effective in preventing pregnancy?
Less than 1 woman out of 1,000 will become pregnant within 5 years of having the procedure.
How is hysteroscopic sterilization performed?
Hysteroscopic sterilization involves inserting a tiny device into each fallopian tube with a hysteroscope. A hysteroscope is an instrument that is inserted through the vagina and cervix and then into the uterus. It allows the inside of the uterus and the tubal openings to be seen. Once the devices are in place, scar tissue forms around them. ￼￼
When is hysteroscopic sterilization effective?
It takes approximately 3 months after the procedure for the tubes to become completely blocked by the scar tissue. It is possible to become pregnant while the scar tissue is forming. After 3 months, an X-ray procedure called hysterosalpingography (HSG) is done to make sure that the fallopian tubes are blocked. A backup birth control method should be used until an HSG test result confirms that the fallopian tubes are blocked.
Where is hysteroscopic sterilization performed?
This type of sterilization often can be performed in your health care provider’s office with local anesthesia or in an operating room with general anesthesia .
Benefits of hysteroscopic sterilization:
No Incisions -Hysteroscopic sterilization uses your body’s natural openings. It can be done with local anesthesia. For these reasons, recovery from hysteroscopic sterilization usually is quicker than from other types of sterilization.
- It may not be possible to place the devices in one or both fallopian tubes. Even when the devices are placed in both tubes, there is a risk that one or both tubes will not become completely blocked. In either case, the procedure cannot be relied on for birth control.
- There is a risk of injury to the uterus or fallopian tubes injury during the procedure. If this happens, the device can move out of place and embed itself in the abdomen. Surgery may be needed to remove the device.
- Pregnancy is uncommon after any type of sterilization procedure. However, if it does occur, there is a higher risk that it will be an ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy can be a medical emergency.
- In rare cases, women report pain that does not go away after having hysteroscopic sterilization. If this happens, the devices can be removed using hysteroscopy or laparoscopy.
After hysteroscopic sterilization, most women are able to resume normal activities within 24 hours. Some women do have discomfort during the procedure for up to 1 week.
Possible Side Effects:
- Pain (similar to that of menstrual cramps)
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dizziness and light-headedness
- Bleeding and spotting